Breeding pigs
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Breeding pigs nourishment

Nourishment of breeding pigs is the most important segment in pig breeding, since the entire production depends on successful reproduction. The main purpose of feeding  gestating sows is to ensure farrowing of large numbers of vital and well developed  piglets,  forming reserves for  ensuing lactation and prompt occurrence of estrus, without allowing formation of excess weight . On the other hand, the main purpose of nourishment of lactating sows is to ensure synthesis of sufficient quantities of quality milk without allowing excessive weight loss.
Considering such specific requirements, nourishment of breeding pigs is based on high quality, concentrated mixtures of vegetable and mineral nutrients.  In addition to basic nutrients, mixes must contain sufficient quantities of microelements and vitamins in an optimum proportion.  Also, the mixes should include other permitted additives that prolong the shelf-life of feed (antioxidants), improve feed digestion (enzymes), provide faster and larger growth (amino acids).

  • Young sows  should be mated when they are 8 to 9 months old and weigh between 100 – 110kg
  • Breeding boars should be given 3.0 kg of high quality mixture  each per day.  Adding 2.0 -3.5kg of fresh Lucerne per boar is also recommended
  • Immediately after weaning, sows should be given 3kg of concentrate per day, on average,  until insemination.
  • Upon insemination, the quantity of feed per sow should be reduced to 2.5 – 2.8 per day, depending on the condition of the sow.
  • 5-6 days after farrowing, farmers  can start feeding sows at own discretion, 2-3 times per day.